Alexander Graham Bell, teacher of the deaf is the person most widely credited as the inventor of the electric telephone.
Candlestick telephones, also known as “upright desk stands,” first gained popularity in since 1880 as the telephone became an important piece of technology for modern businesses. A standard candlestick phone included a base, stem, mouthpiece, and receiver.
In the 1920s and 1930s, telephone technology shifted to the design of more efficient desk top telephones that featured a handset with receiver and transmitter elements in one unit, make the use of a telephone more convenient. However, despite ceasing new production, many candlestick telephones remained in operation.
The first tube shaft candlestick telephone was the Western Electric in 1904. The main producers of these telephones were Western Electric.
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The earliest production phones of this series used the wooden base plates of the No. 10 phones which were attached to a "pot metal" stem bolt by two screws. Later production phones and subsequent refurbished phones had cloth covered metal covers and three screws were used, the middle screw holding the stem in place. In earlier versions, the stem was secured by a single screw located on the tubal shaft about an inch from the top of the base on the right hand side of the phone.
The 20B phone had only a single wire connecting from the internal contacts to the transmitter. This wire was routed externally from the transmitter through an insulated hole in the transmitter back cup. The wire then re-entered the phone through a centered hole in the top of the solid perch leading to the spring contacts. The other electrode of the transmitter was in contact with the metal of the phone which served as the second conductor.
Stromberg-Carlson was a telecommunications equipment and electronics manufacturing company in the United States. It was formed in 1894 as a partnership by Alfred Stromberg and Androv Carlson. It was one of five companies that controlled the national supply of telephone equipment until after Second World War.
The earliest candlesticks had wooden receivers and bases. Eventually, phones were made primarily from nickel-plated brass and Bakelite or hard rubber parts. The uniqueness of the old telephones has become very attractive and many people have found these to be interesting collectible.
The majority of early candlesticks had only a single switch for dialing an operator, though some intercom or office phones had additional buttons for calling between locally networked telephones.
Other candlestick designs gained nicknames like “pencil shaft,” “oil can,” “rope shaft,” or “Roman column” for their distinctive stem shapes.
The base of a candlestick also featured a rotary dial, used for signaling the telephone number of an intended call recipient.
Types of Phones:
In 1900, Couch and Seeley manufactured a "potbelly" upright desk phone, or candlestick phone. It was nickel-plated bronze and contained a "corn plaster" transmitter.
In 1900, Stromberg-Carlson created a candlestick telephone called the "Tapered Shaft Desk Set." This phone was nicknamed "oilcan" because of its odd shape.
In 1905, the Chicago Company created a desk set or candlestick telephone. It was also called a "potbelly" type because it had a bulge in the center like the Couch and Seeley candlestick phone. This set was created so that the user could have a better handle on the phone as he spoke.
In the same year, Almon B. Strowger created an 11-digit candlestick telephone. This one looked different than the others, as it had 11 numbers in a circle form on the shaft of the phone. In creating his phone, his intentions were to do away with operators. He got a patent for his phone in 1891.
In 1910, S.H. Couch and Company created a candlestick phone that they called "Inter-Phone." The phone was mainly used for office communications. The company created both candlestick and wall set telephones.